Counter CBRN OperationsCounter CBRN Operations - The National and International Challenge - 1st to 2nd February 2010, Hilton London Kensington, London, United Kingdom- Providing you with the most up to date examination on the international CBRN Challenge, this event’s fourth year will not disappoint, with the chance to discuss with and learn from international speakers and attendees. The development and spread of weapons of mass destruction remains a major concern for international agencies and government bodies. Take the chance to hear well timed accounts on what is being done to counter this threat.
Influenza Preparedness Market
|Global Pandemic Influenza Preparedness Market Forecast 2010-2015 provides a country-by-country forecast of national markets for vaccine, antivirals and adjuvants.|
- The U.K. Government will buy 60 million doses of the A (H1N1) adjuvanted influenza vaccine from GlaxoSmithKline PLC and 30 million from Baxter
- The French Government will buy 50 million doses of the A (H1N1) influenza vaccine from GlaxoSmithKline PLC
- The Government of Belgium will buy 12.6 million doses of the A (H1N1) influenza vaccine from GlaxoSmithKline PLC
- The Government of Finland will buy 5.3 million doses of H1N1 antigen from GlaxoSmithKline PLC
- Glaxo will provide 128 million doses of the A (H1N1) adjuvanted influenza vaccine for the European countries. The European orders could contribute about $1 billlion to Glaxo sales in 2009.
- The WHO estimates that the pharmaceutical industry can produce from 1 billion to 2 billion doses of H1N1 pandemic vaccine a year.
- The Australian Government ordered 10-million doses of influenza vaccine from Commonwealth Serum Laboratories (CSL).
- HHS Sets Aside $1 Billion Toward Development of Vaccine for the Novel Influenza A (H1N1).
Success with adjuvanted vaccines could have implications for the use of resources devoted to development of the next generation of vaccines and for the mechanisms the government uses to accomplish its objectives. Specifically, if adjuvanted vaccines reduced the near-term risk posed by pandemic influenza because they stretched available and planned production capacity, more resources might be made available to support the development of next generation vaccines.
European countries and US took different approaches. European countries are entering into advance supply agreements with manufacturers to provide vaccines in the event of a pandemic; those governments agree to make advance payments to guarantee the supply of vaccine in the event of an influenza pandemic. The current U.S. approach is directly subsidizing vaccine development and additional production capacity.
Accorfding to intelligence data terrorist groups have in their disposal a wide variety of substances and delivery methods to launch chemical, biological, radiological, or nuclear (CBRN) attack. The use of CBRN may cause severe mass casualties of civil population. The most probable attack scenario is a small scale attack, using simple delivery methods and commercially available off-the-shelf industrial chemicals, toxins, or radiological substances. The severity of the terrorist attack and the number of casualties would depend on the following factors:
- substances used
- delivery method
- specific area conditions
- type and power of dispersal device
- level of population prparadeness
- level of first reponders preparadness
The plausible scenarios include:
- poison attack with chemicals and toxins
- radiological dispersal devices (RDDs) or "dirty bombs"
- crude nuclear bomb
- device spraying biological agents
- mustard agent, sarin, or VX